For our clients seeking protection for their trademarks in Russia, our team files trademark applications (with a provisional search, if requested by the client) and prosecutes them before Rospatent. In Russia, we also deal with preliminary refusals under the Madrid Agreement/Protocol, appeals and oppositions. When the trademark is registered, we help our clients develop trademark enforcement strategies. Further, we handle all stages of preparation, conclusion and registration of licensing agreements. For our clients seeking protection for their trademarks worldwide, we develop filing strategies depending on the desired countries. This may include trademark registrations using the Madrid Agreement/Protocol, direct filing to desired countries and combination thereof.